Filing a false lien in Arizona can carry a serious penalty. Pursuant to ARS §33-420, if a person files a lien that is shown to be false, the recoverable damages are $5,000 or triple the actual damages (whichever is greater), as well as recovery of all attorney’s fees and court costs. When the property interests in land are being disputed, it generally recognized that one or both of the parties should file a document called a Lis Pendens. This document, which is generally also recorded, is meant to put the world on notice that the property is subject to the outcome of litigation. Therefore, if a person purchases property subject to a Lis Pendens and it is later discovered that the seller did not own the property, the buyer owns nothing. The decision of whether or not to file a Lis Pendens should be discussed with legal counsel, as a wrongful Lis Pendens is treated as a wrongful lien under ARS §33-420, with potentially expensive ramifications.